Today in the 21st century Mongolia is open for business with its citizens venturing out to other countries and nationalities from around the world venturing in. For most of the 20th century this beautiful, diverse country was sealed off from the world, seemingly distant and remote. Bordered by Russia and China, Mongolia offers rugged expanses and a nomadic culture famous throughout the world.
The capital city, Ulaanbaatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, named for the notorious founder of the 13th and 14th century Mongol Empire. This city is diving head first into the future at a rapid pace and many Mongolians living in its capital have jumped wholeheartedly into the global economy, capitalism and consumerism.
Mongolia also houses the second largest freshwater lake in the world, Khuvsgul Lake, 700 kilometres north of Ulaanbaatar. In the south you'll find the incredible Gobi desert, which is home to the double humped camels and in the west is the majestic Altai Mountains, where the Kazakh eagle hunters live.